Current Status Nationwide:
Nine states and Washington, D.C., have death with dignity statutes (in order by year of enactment)
- Oregon (Death with Dignity Act; 1994)
- Washington (Death with Dignity Act; 2008)
- Vermont (Patient Choice and Control at the End of Life Act; 2013)
- California (End of Life Option Act; approved in 2015, in effect from 2016)
- Colorado (End of Life Options Act; 2016)
- District of Columbia (D.C. Death with Dignity Act; 2016)
- Hawaii (Our Care, Our Choice Act; 2018)
- Maine (Death with Dignity Act; 2019)
- New Jersey (Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act; 2019)
- New Mexico (Elizabeth Whitefield End of Life Options Act; 2021)
In Montana, the Baxter v. Montana (2009) court decision created a defense for a physician who is prosecuted should the physician be charged in assisting a suicide, although prosecutions and convictions for assisted suicide remain possible in Montana.
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